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雅思句子分析:A few years ago…

时间:2018-11-09 00:48 点击:

新东方雅思培训 从0基础突破6.5

  英文原句

  A few years ago, in one of the most fascinating and disturbing experiments in behavioural psychology, Stanley Milgram of Yale University tested 40 subjects from all walks of life for their willingness to obey instructions given by a ‘leader’ in a situation in which the subjects might feel a personal distaste for the actions they were called upon to perform.

  难点解析

  本句的难点在于主语Stanley Milgram在长状语后面,需要读一长段文字才能看到。另外,介词for引导的状语很长,而且状语里面还嵌套了定语从句,这增加了句子的层次,理解的时候需要层层剖析,并且注意修饰关系。遇到这样的句子,首先要能拆分句子的主句和分句,然后把握句子主干,理清句子的状语和定语,以及被修饰的主体。

  句子分析

  子句类型主句

  连 接 词无逻辑连接词

  子句内容A few years ago, in one of the most fascinating and disturbing experiments in behavioural psychology, Stanley Milgram of Yale University tested 40 subjects from all walks of life for their willingness to obey instructions given by a ‘leader’ in a situation.

  语法分析A few years ago, [状语] in one of the most fascinating and disturbing experiments in behavioural psychology, [状语] Stanley Milgram [主语] of Yale University [定语] tested [谓语] 40 subjects [宾语] from all walks of life [定语] for their willingness to obey instructions [状语] given by a ‘leader’ [定语] in a situation. [状语]

  子句翻译几年前,在一个最吸引人同时也最让人烦恼的行为心理学实验中,耶鲁大学的Stanley Milgram测试了40名来自各行各业的实验对象在某个情况下服从一位“领导”给出的指示的乐意程度。

  子句类型定语从句

  连 接 词IN WHICH

  子句内容The subjects might feel a personal distaste for the actions.

  语法分析The subjects [主语] might feel [系动词] a personal distaste [表语] for the actions. [状语]

  子句翻译这些实验对象可能对这些动作有个人的厌恶感。

  子句类型定语从句

  连 接 词无逻辑连接词

  子句内容They were called upon to perform the actions.

  语法分析They [主语] were called upon [谓语] to perform the actions. [状语]

  子句翻译他们被要求完成这些动作。

  全句翻译

  几年前,在一个最吸引人同时也最让人烦恼的行为心理学实验中,耶鲁大学的Stanley Milgram测试了40名来自各行各业的实验对象,在某个情况下,服从一位“领导”给出的指示的乐意程度,在这一情况下,这些实验对象可能对这些被要求完成的动作有个人的厌恶感。

  单词记忆

  A few years ago, in one of the most fascinating and disturbing experiments in behavioural psychology, Stanley Milgram of Yale University tested 40 subjects from all walks of life for their willingness to obey instructions given by a ‘leader’ in a situation in which the subjects might feel a personal distaste for the actions they were called upon to perform.

  distaste n. 厌恶

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